At the Threshold of the Modern Age

Biographies Around the Year 1861

by Karl Konig


The late nineteenth-century was an era of contrasts. On the one hand, philosophical materialism was increasing its influence over science. On the other, there was a growing social awareness and quest for spiritual values.

Karl König explores the personal stories of twenty-nine pioneers whose work and experiences helped shape that era. They include artists and writers, social reformers, philosophers and political activists, and scientists. He considers how they responded as individuals to the challenges of the changing world around them. His insights and conclusions are relevant for us today, as we face our own time of change and upheaval.

The biographies include Helen Keller (1880–1968), Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843), Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), Lou Salomé (1861–1937), Gustav Mahler (1860–1911), Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and Adolf von Hildebrand (1847–1921).

Table of Contents

  • Adalbert Stifter (1805–1868) Austrian writer and painter 
  • Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843) Founder of homeopathy 
  • Helen Keller (1880–1968) Deaf-blind author and political activist 
  • Ernst von Feuchtersleben (1806–1849) Austrian physician and philosopher 
  • Josef Breuer (1842–1925) Austrian physician who laid the foundations of psychoanalysis 
  • Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) Founder of psychoanalysis 
  • Justinus Kerner (1786–1862) German poet and medical writer 
  • Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) German anthropologist and biologist 
  • Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911) German philosopher 
  • Rudolph Wagner (1865–1864) German anatomist and physiologist 
  • Alma Mahler (1879–1964) Austrian socialite 
  • Lou Salomé (1861–1937) Russian-born psychoanalyst and writer 
  • Gustav Mahler (1860–1911) Austrian-Bohemian composer 
  • Marie Eugenie delle Grazie (1864–1931) Writer and dramatist 
  • Karl Eugen Neumann (1865–1915) Translator of Buddhist writings 
  • Robert Owen (1771–1858) Industrialist and social reformer 
  • Harry Graf Kessler (1868–1937) Anglo-German diplomat and arts patron 
  • Charles Darwin (1809–1882) English naturalist 
  • Charles Grant (1841-1889) Scottish poet and literary critic 
  • Adolf von Hildebrand (1847–1921) German sculptor 
  • Anton Dohrn (1840–1909) German Darwinist 
  • Hans von Mareés (1837–1887) German painter 
  • Carl Ludwig Schleich (1859–1922) German surgeon and writer


ISBN: 9780863158452
Publisher: Floris Books
Format: Paperback

Other Titles by this author

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